Compilation by Armando Gonzalez Stuart, PhD.
Salvia officinalis L.
Other Common Name:
Dalmatian sage, Garden sage, Salvia.
Parts of the plant used:
Leaves and stems.
How is it used?
The leaves are steeped in hot water to make tea. The essential oil is potentially toxic and should be avoided (see precautions below).
What is it used for?
This species is used as herbal remedy against a great variety of ailments, especially menstrual problems and those associated with menopause, such as low estrogen and hot flashes as well as to relieve menstrual cramps, and to regulate the menstrual cycle in amenorrhea (absence of menstruation). Sage tea is also used as an appetite enhancer, to reduce intestinal gas (flatulence) and to promote digestion. Sage may also lower blood glucose levels and perhaps could be used in the treatment of diabetes, but only under medical supervision. Applied to the skin, it is used as an antiseptic and an insect repellant. Some mouthwashes contain sage, which has an antiseptic action upon the oral mucosa. Due to its antiseptic action, Sage is sometimes applied as a vaginal douche against fungi that cause candidiasis (yeast infections). Some hair rinses or tonics may contain Sage, purportedly to prevent hair loss, slow the graying process and to maintain natural color, although these claims remain mostly unsubstantiated. Since some of Sage’s active principles have antiviral action, the plant is contained in creams applied to the skin against herpes infections. Experimentally, the plant has shown potential for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.
Safety / Precautions
- Do not use tea in pregnancy and lactation, since it may cause contractions of the uterus.
- Do not use Sage tea internally in small children.
- Do not use internally in patients with nervous disorders, since large doses may cause seizures (convulsions similar to those observed in epilepsy) and vertigo.
- Tachycardia or rapid heart beat may be a side effect in some people.
- Since some of Sage’s active ingredients may lower blood glucose levels, this plant should be used only under professional supervision in diabetic patients.
- Do not combine with sedative medications, as their possible interactions are unknown.
- Essential oil obtained from this plant is potentially neurotoxic and should be avoided internally.
Before you decide to take any medicinal herb or herbal supplement, be sure to consult with your health care professional first. Avoid self-medication and self-diagnosis: Always be on the safe side!